Gum recession typically goes unnoticed. It is a common dental problem that happens gradually. When pockets form between the teeth and the gums, bacteria increases, eventually causing the gum line to wear away and expose more of the tooth. Gum recession can lead to tooth decay, bone, teeth and tissue loss.
What are the symptoms?
While gum recession can go unnoticed, there are a few signs to watch for such as:
- Visible gaps between the teeth and gums
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Chronic bad breath
- Swollen, red gums
- Longer teeth
What are the causes?
There are a number of factors that can cause gum recession such as:
- Poor dental hygiene: Not following good dental hygiene practices will cause the bacteria in your mouth to increase. When this happens, the plaque turns into tartar. To avoid this, brush and floss your teeth twice a day and use an antibacterial mouthwash.
- Brushing your teeth too hard: Brushing your teeth too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush can cause the enamel on your teeth to wear away causing your gums to recede.
- Gum disease: Gum disease is the main cause of gum recession. Increased bacteria in the mouth causes inflammation and infections that destroy gum tissue and bone that hold teeth in place.
- Genes: If your family has a history of receding gums, you may be predisposed to gum disease.
- Hormones: Fluctuating hormone levels such as puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can cause the gums to be more sensitive making you susceptible to gum recession.
- Tobacco: Cigarettes and chewing tobacco can damage your gums and cause them to recede.
- Diabetes: High diabetic levels can cause bacteria to increase in the mouth which can lead to receding gums.
What is the treatment?
Catching gum recession in the early stages can slow it down and prevent gum loss before too much damage occurs. Dr. Sowell can treat gum recession through deep cleaning and antibiotics. If there is significant tissue loss you will need gum surgery. If teeth are lost or become misaligned because of gum recession, Dr. Sowell can offer several dental cosmetic options to replace lost or misaligned teeth.
Dr. Mark Sowell and the team at Sowell Sensational Smiles are available to help you choose the best gum recession treatment option that will improve your oral health and restore your smile. Contact us for a consultation.